Dr. Sarveswary Velayutham

A LESSON INTEGRATING STEM AND 21ST CENTURY LEARNING: HOTS IN DIFFERENTIATION

Abstract

Students have difficulties in applying the concepts and basic problem-solving skills on differentiation related to science and engineering subjects (Nadirah Mohd Nasir, Yusof Hashim, Siti Fatimah Haji Ahmad Zabidi, Rahimah Jusoh @ Awang & Ezrinda Mohd Zaihidee, 2013). In a survey, 115 out of 142 Form Five students from SMJK Chung Hwa Confucian mentioned that differentiation is a difficult topic and they were confused in using the correct formula to solve differentiation problems. Besides, the students stated that they study the topic of differentiation for examination purposes only and could not relate it with real life situations. In addition, a survey with 18 teachers revealed that eight of them faced difficulties in relating concepts in differentiation with real life situations and 10 of them were not sure that differentiation can be taught using STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) approach. Therefore, there is a need to carry out this workshop to enhance teachers’ skills in facilitating their students learning HOTs (Higher Order Thinking skills) in the topic of differentiation using STEM and 21st century learning approaches. Hence, this workshop aimed to give hands on experience to the participants in applying the concept of differentiation through STEM-oriented activities to solve real life problems. Participants will learn to explore the concept of tangent, perpendicular lines, maximum and minimum value through GeoGebra software. Then, participants will construct a model with low cost material to solve HOTs problems involving concepts of differentiation. The engineering of the model is essential to help the participants to practically visualize, relate and apply these three concepts in real life. Participants will experience meaningful learning from these series of STEM integrated activities. After the workshop, participants will be equipped with more ideas and skills in carrying out STEM lesson and able to facilitate students’ learning on differentiation more effectively.

Keywords: 21st Century Learning, STEM, Concept of differentiation, HOTs question